1 Read and respond to a variety of texts and demonstrate a positive attitude towards reading and language

  • Recall, talk and write about books read 
  • Enjoy the creative use of language in e.g. similes, poems and jokes  
  • Respond creatively and imaginatively e.g. act out a story 

  Listen for information from a variety of sources

  • Listen for a sustained period of time: when a teacher is reading a book aloud 
  • Demonstrate understanding that audio cues (tone, volume) convey meaning 

  Speak fluently and expressively on a range of topics

  • Use the stress patterns and rhythm of English appropriately 
  • Pronounce words clearly 
  • Speak to convey meaning using intonation: rising tone for question  

  Present and develop ideas effectively in speech / writing for a variety of purposes and audiences 

  • Do a show-and-tell; recite rhymes; retell stories 
  • Select a central idea with teacher guidance  
  • Monitor peers’ oral presentation / recitation to ensure audibility and visibility 

 5    Write legibly, coherently and cohesively for different purposes and audiences 

  • Use print script 
  • Space letters, words and sentences appropriately  
  • Apply knowledge of spelling conventions and strategies to their own writing 
  • Write paragraphs that develop a central idea  
  • Use grammar, punctuation and vocabulary appropriately  
  • Draft, revise and edit a text with their teacher  

6 Demonstrate knowledge about language and text types from print /

non-print / electronic sources


Understand concepts about print: print is written from left to right and top to bottom, capitalisation, spacing between words, differences between letters, words and sentences


Understand and use appropriately terms relating to:

  • - books: cover, title, author, illustrator, page number
  • - text types e.g. fairy tale: hero, character, beginning / ending of a story
  • - electronic books: arrows, icons

Understand and use grammatical items and structures: see Chapter Three Grammar


 Use reading strategies to construct meaning  

Use phonological awareness strategies:

  • - Blend sounds of consonants and vowels to make words
  • - Identify and produce rhyming words
  • - Separate spoken words into beginning and ending sounds
  • - Distinguish long and short vowels in words
  • - Match spoken words to printed words
  • - Understand that as letters of words change, so do the sounds
  • - Read common, irregular sight words e.g. the, have, said
  • - Read aloud to check pronunciation and understanding


Use meaning-based strategies:

  • - Relate words to pictures
  • - Use knowledge of cohesive devices: connectors to do with time, sequence
  • - Use contextual clues: pictures, title
  • - Use prior knowledge: familiar words, word association
  • - Recognise text types
  • - Ask questions about the texts studied


General Knowledge Texts

  • Simple Present Tense
  • Verbs



  • Connectors to express sequence
  • Verbs: Imperatives


  • Nouns and Noun Phrases
  • Quantifiers

Narratives / Personal Recounts

  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Connectors to do with time and sequence
  • Nouns and Noun Phrases
  • Pronouns
  • Punctuation
  • Simple Past Tense
  • Verbs

Conversations and Short Functional Texts

  • Adverbs
  • Contractions of verb forms and modal auxiliaries
  • Modal auxiliaries
  • Prepositions
  • Pronouns
  • Questions
  • Tense: Simple Present and Past