Pupils will:

1  Read and respond to a variety of texts and demonstrate a positive

attitude towards reading and language

a) Recall, talk and write about books read

b) Enjoy the creative use of language in e.g. similes, idioms, poems, jokes and riddles

c) Respond creatively and imaginatively e.g. create a different ending to a story


2 Listen for information from a variety of sources

a) Listen for a sustained period of time: when a teacher is giving an explanation

b) Demonstrate understanding that body language and audio cues (tone, volume) convey meaning

c) Take down details of messages e.g. day, date, time, activities and names


3  Speak fluently and expressively on a range of topics

a) Use the stress patterns and rhythm of English appropriately

b) Use internationally acceptable pronunciation

c) Speak to convey meaning using intonation

d) Vary tone, pace and volume as required

e) Use appropriate vocabulary


4 Present and develop ideas effectively in speech / writing for a variety of purposes and audiences

a) Plan and organise with teacher guidance a simple presentation on a familiar topic

b) Select an appropriate focus with teacher guidance when speaking / writing

c) Support ideas with audio / visual / print resources

d) Monitor peers’ oral presentation / recitation to ensure audibility and  visibility

5  Write legibly, coherently and cohesively for different purposes and audiences

  • Use cursive script 
  • Apply knowledge of spelling conventions and strategies to their own writing 
  • Write paragraphs that develop main ideas  
  • Use details that elaborate on main ideas: examples 
  • Use grammar, punctuation and vocabulary appropriately 
  • Draft, revise and edit a text with teacher / peers  

 6  Demonstrate knowledge about language and text types from print / non-print / electronic sources

  • Understand and use appropriately terms relating to:  

- books: cover, title, author, illustrator, page number, contents page, chapter, headings, sub-headings

- text types / media e.g. brochure: heading, sub-headings, illustrations

- software e.g. e-mail: address, subject

  • Identify the purpose of various text types  
  • Understand and use grammatical items and structures: see Chapter Three Grammar  

 7 Use reading strategies to construct meaning

  • Use phonological awareness strategies:  

- Match spoken words to printed words

- Read common, irregular sight words e.g. the, have, said

- Decode words using common letter sounds / letter patterns e.g. th~, ~tion

- Use known parts of a word to make sense of the whole word

- Read aloud to check pronunciation and understanding


  • Use meaning-based strategies:  

- Construct meaning from visuals: pictures, simple charts, diagrams- Monitor and correct own reading e.g. pause or repeat words / phrases to check that what is read makes sense

- Use knowledge of cohesive devices: connectors to do with time, sequence, comparison, contrast, reason

- Use contextual clues: pictures, title, simple charts and diagrams, headings, sub-headings

- Use prior knowledge: familiar words, word association, knowledge of the topic / similes

- Skim for gist

- Scan for details


Factual Recounts 

  • Adverbs and Adverbials  
  • Nouns and Noun Phrases  
  • Prepositions  
  • Pronouns  
  • Simple Past Tense  
  • Verbs and Verb Phrases  

 General Knowledge Texts 

  • Nouns and Noun Phrases 
  • Simple Present Tense  
  • Verbs  


  • Connectors 
  • Simple Present Tense  
  • Verbs: Imperatives  


  • Nouns and Noun Phrases  
  • Quantifiers 
  • Verbs: Imperatives 

Narratives / Personal Recounts

  • Adjectives and Adjectival Phrases 
  • Adverbs and Adverbials  
  • Compound Sentences  
  • Connectors   
  • Direct and Indirect Speech  
  • Nouns and Noun Phrases  
  • Pronouns   
  • Punctuation   
  • Tense: Simple Past and Past Continuous  
  • Verbs and Verb Phrases  

 Conversations and Short Functional Texts 

  • Adverbs and Adverbials 
  • Contractions of verb forms and modal auxiliaries  
  • Modal auxiliaries  
  • Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases  
  • Pronouns  
  • Tag Questions  
  • Tense: Simple Present and Past