Primary School English
English is one of four official languages in Singapore. As the language of
public administration, education, commerce, science and technology, and global
communication, it has become the medium by which most
Singaporeans gain access to information and
knowledge from around the world.
The ability to speak and write English effectively,
therefore,has become an essential skill in the workplace, and a mastery of English is vital to
Language curriculum in school will help pupils become independent lifelong learners, creative thinkers and problem
solvers who can communicate effectively in English.
this, there will be many curricular and co-curricular activities for pupils to use English in a variety of situations and
contexts. Pupils will read widely, learn how to analyse and evaluate language and the media, and
respond creatively to problems and new technology.
Context for Learning
The context for learning English is multi-cultural Singapore, Asia and the
rest of the world.
Pupils will be exposed to the cultures in Singapore as well as to other
cultures outside Singapore, and to the different standard varieties of English spoken in other parts of
See MOE English Syllabus In Detail
English Primary Secondary Express Normal Academic Syllabus
English Primary Foundation Secondary Normal Technical Academic
Children begin to read at different ages.
Background experience and exposure to books and other forms of print and
non-print sources as well as electronic sources affect children’s reading
Learning to read is a highly complex task. It involves decoding and
comprehension. A balance between decoding and meaning-based instruction, word recognition
and passage comprehension, phonics and whole language, and principles and practice
The teaching of decoding skills (knowledge of the letters of the alphabet, knowledge
of letter-sound correspondence, phonemic awareness, etc.) will not be taught in
isolation or only through drill and practice. It will be balanced by activities that involve
the construction of meaning.
Pupils will be guided through the beginning reading stage to the independent reading
Pupils will learn: how letters are combined to form words, how words are combined to form
sentences and how punctuation marks are used.
How ideas are expressed in writing and composed into
They will be taught the processes of planning, drafting and
They will learn how to use various writing tools such as the pencil and the
They will be given opportunities to engage in joint construction with the teacher,
in collaboration with peers as well as to write independently.
Oral Communication: Listening and Speaking
development of listening and speaking skills is as important as the development of reading and writing skills. The more
pupils listen to and speak English, the better will be their language use.
will be given opportunities to speak for various functional and creative purposes.
will be exposed to a wide variety of spoken texts in order to develop listening
competence to communicate effectively and appropriately according to
context and culture.
face-to-face interaction, listening involves understanding verbal and non-verbal cues.
Pupils will be taught to observe social
convention and etiquette in oral communication,and to give the appropriate verbal