Primary School English Syllabus

 

Status of English

 

English is one of four official languages in Singapore. As the language of public administration, education, commerce, science and technology, and global communication, it has become the medium by which most

 

Singaporeans gain access to information and knowledge from around the world. The ability to speak and write English effectively, therefore,has become an essential skill in the workplace, and a mastery of English is vital to Singapore’s pupils

 

The English Language Curriculum 

 

The English Language curriculum in school will help pupils become independent lifelong learners, creative thinkers and problem solvers who can communicate effectively in English. 

 

To achieve this, there will be many curricular and co-curricular activities for pupils to use English in a variety of situations and contexts. Pupils will read widely, learn how to analyse and evaluate language and the media, and respond creatively to problems and new technology. 

 

 

Context for Learning English 

 

The context for learning English is multi-cultural Singapore, Asia and the rest of the world.

 

Pupils will be exposed to the cultures in Singapore as well as to other cultures outside Singapore, and to the different standard varieties of English spoken in other parts of the world.

  

 

Reading

Primary Level 

Children begin to read at different ages.

Background experience and exposure to books and other forms of print and non-print sources as well as electronic sources affect children’s reading ability.

Learning to read is a highly complex task. It involves decoding and comprehension. A balance between decoding and meaning-based instruction, word recognition and passage comprehension, phonics and whole language, and principles and practice is advocated.

 

The teaching of decoding skills (knowledge of the letters of the alphabet, knowledge of letter-sound correspondence, phonemic awareness, etc.) will not be taught in isolation or only through drill and practice. It will be balanced by activities that involve the construction of meaning.

 

Pupils will be guided through the beginning reading stage to the independent reading stage.

 

 

Writing 

 

Primary Level 

Pupils will learn: how letters are combined to form words, how words are combined to form sentences and how punctuation marks are used.

How ideas are expressed in writing and composed into texts.

They will be taught the processes of planning, drafting and editing.

They will learn how to use various writing tools such as the pencil and the computer.

 

They will be given opportunities to engage in joint construction with the teacher, in collaboration with peers as well as to write independently.

 

Oral Communication: Listening and Speaking 

 

Primary Level 

The development of listening and speaking skills is as important as the development of reading and writing skills. The more pupils listen to and speak English, the better will be their language use. 

Pupils will be given opportunities to speak for various functional and creative purposes. 

 

They will be exposed to a wide variety of spoken texts in order to develop listening and speaking competence to communicate effectively and appropriately according to purpose, audience, context and culture. 

 

In face-to-face interaction, listening involves understanding verbal and non-verbal cues. 

Pupils will be taught to observe social convention and etiquette in oral communication,and to give the appropriate verbal response.