Primary School English
English is one of four official languages in Singapore. As the language of
public administration, education, commerce, science and technology, and global
has become the medium by which most
Singaporeans gain access to information and knowledge from around the world. The ability to speak and write English effectively,
become an essential skill in the workplace, and a mastery of English is vital to Singapore’s
The English Language curriculum in
school will help pupils become independent lifelong learners, creative thinkers and problem solvers
who can communicate effectively in English.
To achieve this, there will be many
curricular and co-curricular activities for pupils to use English in a variety of situations and contexts.
Pupils will read widely, learn how to analyse and evaluate language and the media, and respond
creatively to problems and new technology.
The context for learning English is multi-cultural Singapore, Asia and the rest of the
Pupils will be exposed to the cultures in Singapore as well as to other cultures
outside Singapore, and to the different standard varieties of English spoken in other parts of
Children begin to read at different ages.
Background experience and exposure to books and other forms of
print and non-print sources as well as electronic sources affect children’s reading
Learning to read is a highly complex task. It involves decoding and
comprehension. A balance between decoding and meaning-based instruction, word recognition
and passage comprehension, phonics and whole language, and principles and practice
The teaching of decoding skills (knowledge of the letters of the
alphabet, knowledge of letter-sound correspondence, phonemic awareness, etc.) will not be taught in
isolation or only through drill and practice. It will be balanced by activities that involve
the construction of meaning.
Pupils will be guided through the beginning reading stage to the
independent reading stage.
Pupils will learn: how letters are combined to form words, how words are combined to form
sentences and how punctuation marks are used.
How ideas are expressed in writing and composed into
They will be taught the processes of planning, drafting and
They will learn how to use various writing tools such as the pencil
and the computer.
They will be given opportunities to engage in joint construction
with the teacher, in collaboration with peers as well as to write
Oral Communication: Listening and Speaking
development of listening and speaking skills is as important as the development of reading and writing skills. The more
pupils listen to and speak English, the better will be their language use.
Pupils will be given
opportunities to speak for various functional and creative purposes.
They will be exposed to a
wide variety of spoken texts in order to develop listening and speaking competence to communicate
effectively and appropriately according to purpose, audience, context and
In face-to-face interaction,
listening involves understanding verbal and non-verbal cues.
Pupils will be taught to observe social
convention and etiquette in oral communication,and to give the appropriate verbal