Mathematics is an excellent vehicle for the development and improvement of aperson’s intellectual competence in logical reasoning, spatial visualisation,analysis and abstract thought.

Students develop numeracy, reasoning, thinking skills, and problem solving skills through the learning and application of mathematics. These are valued not only in science and technology, but also in everyday living and in the workplace.

The development of a highly skilled scientifically- and technologically-based manpower requires a strong grounding in mathematics. An emphasis on mathematics education will ensure that we have an increasingly competitive workforce to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

Mathematics education aims to enable students to:

  • Acquire the necessary mathematical concepts and skills for everyday life, and for continuous learning in mathematics and related disciplines. 
  • Develop the necessary process skills for the acquisition and application of mathematical concepts and skills. 
  • Develop the mathematical thinking and problem solving skills and apply these skills to formulate and solve problems. 
  • Recognise and use connections among mathematical ideas, and between mathematics and other disciplines. 
  • Develop positive attitudes towards mathematics. 
  • Make effective use of a variety of mathematical tools (including information and communication technology tools) in the learning and application of mathematics. 
  • Produce imaginative and creative work arising from mathematical ideas. 
  • Develop  the  abilities  to reason  logically,  communicate mathematically, and learn cooperatively and independently. 



Mathematical concepts cover numerical, algebraic, geometrical,  

statistical, probabilistic, and analytical concepts. 


Students should develop and explore the mathematics ideas in depth, 

and see that mathematics is an integrated whole, not merely isolated 

piece of knowledge. 


They should be given a variety of learning experiences to help them 

develop a deep understanding of mathematical concepts, and to make 

sense of various mathematical ideas, as well as their connections and 

applications, in order to participate actively in learning mathematics and 

to become more confident in exploring and applying mathematics.


The use of manipulatives (concrete materials), practical work, and use of 

technological aids should be part of the learning experiences of the 




Mathematical skills include procedural skills for numerical calculation, algebraic manipulation, spatial visualisation, data analysis, measurement, use of mathematical tools, and estimation. 


The development of skill proficiencies in students is essential in the 

learning and application of mathematics. Although students should 

become competent in the various mathematical skills, over-emphasising 

procedural skills without understanding the underlying mathematical 

principles should be avoided. 


Skill proficiencies include the ability to use technology confidently, where 

appropriate, for exploration and problem solving. It is important also to 

incorporate the use of thinking skills and heuristics in the process of 

developing skill proficiencies. 




Mathematical processesrefer to the knowledge skills (or process skills) involved in the process of acquiring and applying mathematical knowledge.


This includes reasoning, communication and connections,  thinking skills and heuristics, and application and modelling.