Primary School Science Syllabus aims to:


provide primary students with experiences which build on their interest in and stimulate their curiosity about their environment provide students with basic scientific terms and concepts to help them understand themselves and the world around them provide students with opportunities to develop skills, habits of mind and attitudes necessary for scientific inquiry prepare students towards using scientific knowledge and methods in making personal decisions help students appreciate how science influences people and the environment.


See MOE Science Syllabus In Detail Here




Students should recognise that there are repeated patterns of change in nature and understand how these patterns arise. Examples of these cycles are the life cycles of living things and the water cycle. Understanding these cycles helps Man to predict events and processes and to understand the Earth as a self-sustaining system. In this theme, students learn about the Cycles in plants and animals as well as matter and water. Key inquiry questions include: 

What are the cycles in our everyday life? 

How are cycles important to life? 



Students should recognise that a system is a whole consisting of parts that work together to perform a function. There are systems in nature as well as man-made systems. Examples of systems in nature are the digestive and respiratory systems.

Examples of man-made systems are electrical systems. Understanding these systems allows Man to understand how they operate and how parts influence and interact with one another to perform a function. In this theme, students learn about t h e plant, human, cell a n d electrical systems. Key inquiry questions include:

What are the different parts of a system? 

How do parts of a system or different systems interact together to perform a function? 



Students should appreciate that energy affects both living and non-living things. It makes changes and movement possible in everyday life. There are many forms of energy and one form can be converted to another. Man uses energy in many ways, for many different purposes. Man is not the only animal that uses energy; all living things obtain energy and use it to carry out life processes. Understanding this theme will allow students to appreciate the importance and uses of energy and the need to conserve it. In this theme, students learn about various energy forms, uses and conversion. Key inquiry questions include:

How does energy affect Man and his surroundings? 




Students should appreciate that a study of the interactions between and within systems helps Man to better understand the environment and his role in it. Interactions occur within an organism, between organisms as well as between organisms and the environment. There are also interactions between forces and objects. The interaction of Man with his environment drives the development of Science and Technology. At the same time, Science and Technology influences the way Man interacts with his environment. By understanding the interactions between Man and his environment, students can better appreciate the equences of their actions and be responsible for their actions. In this theme, students learn about the interaction of forces a n d interactions within the environment.


Key inquiry questions include: 

How does Man interact with his surroundings? 

What are the consequences of Man’s interactions with his surroundings?